Artist Name
Zoltán Kodály
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Chormusik im 20. Jahrhundert (2001)
Kodály / Veress / Kurtág (2001)
'Hary János' Suite / Dances of Galánta & Marosszék / Children's Choruses (1999)
Music for Cello, Volume 2: Duo for Violin and Cello / Hungarian Rondo (1999)
Hary Janos Suite - Dances (1998)
Enigma Variations, etc. (1997)
Shostakovich: Symphony no. 6 / Kodály: Dances of Galánta / Works by Weine (1996)
Summer Evening (1996)
Music for Cello: Three Chorale Preludes / Cello Sonatas opp. 4 and 8 (1996)
Kodolay, Hary Janos Suite, Dances of Galanta, Peacock Variations (1996)
Háry János (Hungarian State Opera Chorus and Orchestra & Children's Choru (1995)
Kodaly: cello sonatina (1995)
Ravel: Sonata for Violin and Cello / Kodaly: Duo / Halvorsen: Passacaglia o (1995)
Fryba: Solo Suite / Kodály: Epigrammes / Schubert: Sonate Arpeggione (1994)
Háry János /Peacok Variations / Psalmus Hungaricus (Londosn Symphony Orch (1994)
The Complete Piano Music (1994)
Sonata for Cello & Piano / Sonata for Solo Cello / Serenade for Two Violins (1994)
Psalmus hungaricus - Marosszék Dances - Galánta Dances (1994)
Janáček: Glagolitic Mass / Kodály: Psalmus Hungaricus (1994)
Starker plays Kodaly (1992)
Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / "Háry János" - Suite (1991)
Galánta Dances / Marosszék Dances / "Peacock" Variations (Czecho-Slovak R (1991)
Antal Dorati conducts Kodály & Bartók (1990)
Háry János Suite / Peacock Variations / Dances of Galánta (1990)
Bartok: Concerto for two pianos, percussion & orchestra - Kodaly: dances of (1985)
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Genre
Classical

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Origin
Kecskemét, Hungary

Born

1882

Formed
---

Ended
1967

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Artist Biography
Zoltán Kodály (16 December 1882 – 6 March 1967) was a Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist, pedagogue, linguist, and philosopher. He is best known internationally as the creator of the Kodály Method.

Life:

Born in Kecskemét, Kodály learned to play the violin as a child.

In 1905 he visited remote villages to collect songs, recording them on phonograph cylinders. In 1906 he wrote the thesis on Hungarian folk song ("Strophic Construction in Hungarian Folksong"). Around this time Kodály met fellow composer Béla Bartók, whom he took under his wing and introduced to some of the methods involved in folk song collecting. The two became lifelong friends and champions of each other's music.

All these works show a great originality of form and content, a very interesting blend of highly sophisticated mastery in the Western-European style of music, including classical, late-romantic, impressionistic and modernist tradition and at the other hand profound knowledge and respect for the folk music in Hungary and the Hungarian-inhabited areas of Slovakia and Romania. Partly because of the Great War and subsequent major geopolitical changes in the region, partly because of a naturally rather diffident temperament in youth, Kodály had no major public success until 1923. This was the year when one of his best-known pieces, Psalmus Hungaricus, was given its first performance at a concert to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the union of Buda and Pest (Bartók's Dance Suite premiered on the same occasion.)

Kodály's first wife was Emma Gruber (née Schlesinger, later Sándor), the dedicatee of Ernő Dohnányi's Waltz for piano four-hands, Op. 3, and Variations and Fugue on a theme by E.G., Op. 4 (1897). In November 1958, after 48 years of the most harmonious marriage Kodály's first wife Emma passed away. In December 1959, Kodály married Sarolta Péczely, his 19-year-old student at the Franz Liszt Academy of Music with whom he lived happily until his death in 1967 at the age of 84.

Inventor of Kodály Method of Musical Education:

Throughout his adult life, Kodály was very interested in the problems of many types of music education, and he wrote a large amount of material on teaching methods as well as composing plenty of music intended for children's use. Beginning in 1935, along with his colleague Jenö Ádám (14 years his junior), he embarked on a long-term project to reform music teaching in Hungary's lower and middle schools. His work resulted in the publication of several highly influential books.

The Hungarian music education program that developed in the 1940s became the basis for what is called the "Kodály Method". While Kodály himself did not write a comprehensive method, he did establish a set of principles to follow in music education, and these principles were widely taken up by pedagogues (above all in Hungary, but also in many other countries) after World War II. See also: Kodály Hand Signs.
Commemorative plaque in Andrássy Avenue, Budapest

His notable students include Anne Lauber, Alexander Raichev and John Verrall.


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